Badirujjaman

Democratic versus Authoritarian structure of Foreign Policy Decision Making: A Comparative Analysis

Badirujjaman Democratic versus Authoritarian structure of Foreign Policy Decision Making: which one is better and effective? Introduction Generally, foreign policy refers to some artificial policies prescribed over the concerns or interests of the states. Foreign policy analysis is the study of these policies. It helps us to understand and examine the various reasons why policies are …

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Belt & Road Initiative (BRI) and Bangladesh: An Overview

Badirujjaman Chinese Belt & Road Initiative (BRI): Perspective From Bangladesh BRI started with its initial plan to connect China with Central Asia, East Asia, and Europe. Over time, BRI has developed its maritime Vision, named String of Pearls, which encompasses other regions of the world, i.e., Africa, South Asia, and Latin America. The project commenced …

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Rethinking Health Security in South Asia: Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic

Badirujjaman Rethinking the health security in South Asia: Lessons from the Covid-19 pandemic   The COVID-19 pandemic is disrupting the lives of millions globally, and South Asian people are one of them. In South Asia, cases are rising, doubling almost every week. Many policies, tough or soft, have been taken by the countries of South …

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Geopolitical Importance of the Greater East Asia: An Analysis

Badirujjaman Geopolitical Important Issues of the Greater East Asia: An Analysis Introduction: Greater East Asia refers to present-day East Asia and Southeast Asia. This greater region is very important in understanding international relations. This greater region has been significant geopolitically since history, from the Ming Dynasty to emerging competitors like China and the USA. Like …

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The scope of international armed conflicts (IACs) and non-international armed conflicts (NIACs)

Badirujjaman The scope of international armed conflicts (IACs) and non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) Introduction: The legal framework that regulates the conduct of war or armed conflicts is termed International Humanitarian Laws (IHLs). These laws are basically concerned with two sorts of armed conflicts:  1. international armed conflicts (IACs), which occur when more than one state …

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Evolution of the foreign policy of Bangladesh: Challenges and Opportunities

Badirujjaman Evolution of the foreign policy of Bangladesh   Introduction Today’s world is an interconnected world. Here is the basic idea of internationalism: the states conduct their external relations on political objectives or national interests. And acquiring such objectives states require to formulate some national policies—foreign policies. Here, foreign policy refers to a state’s external policies.  …

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The Pacific Island of Micro-States: An overview

The Pacific Island of Micro-States: An overview Badirujjaman The Pacific Island of Micro-States: An overview The Pacific realm is home to many islands and islands groups, of which New Guinea is the largest both by size and population. Though the majority of island countries in the Pacific region gained independence, some remain under the control of …

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Maya Civilization: Origin, Development and Collapse

BADIRUJJAMAN Maya Civilization: Origin, Development and Collapse Introduction:  Mayan Civilization was developed in the New World—in America. Unlike the old world civilizations, which were established from 5000–1000 B.C., the Mayans emerged during the 2–3rd century A.D. Like the mystery of their (Mayan) beginning, their decline remains another mystery.  Although the Mayan people never entirely disappeared—their …

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Drug Trafficking: A Non-Traditional Security Threat for Latin America  

DRUG TRAFFICKING: A NON-TRADITIONAL SECURITY THREAT FOR LATIN AMERICA ​ Badirujjaman Drug trafficking has been counted as an international illegal action or international crime against global human security.  Here, trafficking refers to any movement or reproduction of drugs that are declared banned at both the domestic and international levels. And interestingly, this drug trafficking has some …

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South Asian Regional Integration and SAARC: Roles and Challenges for Bangladesh

Badirujjaman South Asian Regional Integration and SAARC: Roles and Challenges for Bangladesh Regional integration is initiated when neighboring countries identify some areas where they can cooperate with one another, and these areas refer to regional public goods such as energy, infrastructure, and the environment; regional traditional and non-traditional security threats such as territorial overtaking, the …

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The League of Nations: Origin, Aspirations, and Failure

Badirujjaman The League of Nations: Origin, Aspirations, and Failure Wars, battles, or conflicts, whatever we call them, are an inevitable part of civilization’s journey, from ancient city states to modern sovereign states. They have always been devastating, sometimes necessary, and often misfortunate. In order to avoid such crises, states often initiate diplomatic measures, treaties, and …

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International Humanitarian Laws and The Law of International Armed Conflicts

BADIRUJJAMAN International Humanitarian Laws and the Law of International Armed Conflicts Like international law, international humanitarian laws (IHLs) are also a comprehensive field of study because they consist of many conventions and customary laws. Basically, IHLs refer to the laws of war or the laws of conducting forces.  IHLs apply only during armed conflicts (both …

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The dictatorship of Augustus Pinochet and the consequences for the Chilean society

August 5, 2023 Badirujjaman The dictatorship of Augustus Pinochet and the consequences for the Chilean society Introduction Augusta Pinochet was a dictator in the Latin American state of Chile. He was famous for his notorious and brutal measures in continuing his military dictatorship in Latin American history. In spite of such inhuman actions, his rule …

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Relevancy of Clausewitz’ On War in the 21st Century

July 30, 2023 Badirujjaman Relevancy of Clausewitz’ On War in the 21st Century “War is an act of force to compel an enemy to do our will”, said by a great Prussian General and military theorist Carl Philip Gottfried Von Clausewitz  Carl von Clausewitz: “War is an act of force to compel an enemy to …

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Alliance for Green Revolution in Africa

22 July, 2023 Badirujjaman Alliance for Green Revolution in Africa Introduction Agriculture helped to develop civilizations throughout the world. But for thousands of years, it had practiced in conventional ways. Post-WWII technological advancement radically changed the way of practices agriculture. Aftermath of decolonization, new born states faces acute food crisis.  The badly needed more food …

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Regional Integration and Economic Development in South Asia: Opportunities and Challenges​

Badirujjaman July 18, 2023 Regional Integration and Economic Development in South Asia: Opportunities and Challenges Introduction:  Regional integration is commenced when neighboring countries identify some areas where they co-operate with one another, and this areas referring regional public goods such as energy, infrastructure, and the environment; regional traditional and non-traditional security threats such as territorial …

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Blue Economy in Marine Affairs: An Introduction

Badirujjaman July 16, 2023 Blue Economy in Marine Affairs: An Introduction Whenever we encounter ‘Blue Economy’ as a concept, we generally assume that the concept is all about the inclusion of a state to global economy or world market through using sea routes, which ultimately will thrive state’s economic possession.  But in reality the concept …

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Whether International Law Is a Law or Not?

Badirujjaman July 15, 2023 Whether International Law Is a Law or Not? Imagine we are on discussion about Realpolitik, about the Western intervention in the Middle Eastern states, about nuclear development for the shake of traditional security,  about the atrocities like genocides and systematic persecutions etc., suddenly one of us introduce various legal provisions of  …

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Military Industrial Complex: An Introduction

Badirujjaman July 18, 2023 Military Industrial Complex: An Introduction Dwight Eisenhower, an ex-military Republican President of the USA, in his 1961 Farewell Address was the first to express concern about the impact of the ‘conjunction of an immense military establishment and a large arms industry’, which, he noted, was ‘new in American experience’. He alerted …

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International Security Studies: An Introduction

International Security Studies: An Introduction July 20, 2023 Badirujjaman International system, as per realist and liberalist, is anarchic. This anarchic atmosphere demonstrates as the soul of security concern and emphasises the necessary of military adoption to securitize state’s both internal and external possession. But often the competition of military preparedness in the form of ‘Arms …

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