Green Peace and Climate Change: Bangladesh Case Study​

Miss Mitu Mony

Green Peace, leading the Global Charge for Environmental Conservation for 51 years. Since its founding, Green Peace has risen to every challenge, obstruction, and crisis with tenacity and the conviction that we are shaping a safer, greener, and more just future. 


In this Feature, we will know all the details about Green Peace, and what they worked in South Asia and specially Bangladesh. However, first, let us know what “Green Peace “is. 


Green Peace is an international environmental organization that focuses on promoting environmental issues, conservation, and sustainable development. It was founded in 1971 in Vancouver, Canada, and has since grown into a global movement with offices in over 55 countries. Goal: To ensure the ability the earth, to nurture life in all its diversity. 



In the late 1960s, the U.S. had planned its Cannikin underground nuclear weapon test in the tectonically unstable island of Amchitka in Alaska. People are protecting this knowing that it will trigger earthquakes and cause a tsunami. But the authorities didn’t care about that. And test held. 


Irving Stowe arranged a concert in October 1970 in Vancouver for fund-raising and gave all the money for a ship, which was later named Green Peace and it, moved forward on the Amchitka in Alaska as a protest against the US government’s plan to nuclear test. 


Since then, it was famous for the name of Green Peace movement. And in 1971 by the Green Peace organization was founded by Irving Stowe and Dorothy Stowe. The Philosophy about this organization: Non-violent Direct Action on behalf of Planet Earth. 


  1. Halt Climate change: Reduce Global warming, and use alternative energy like wind power, solar power, biofuels instead of nuclear power or cool power. And reduce Carbon emission. 
  2. Protect Oceans: Reduce pollution and abusive fishing. 
  3.  Save Ancient Forest: By public awareness and ensure the accountability of govt. 
  4. Achieve Disarmament and Peace: 1st mission protest nuclear testing. 
  5. Reduce toxic materials in the products. 
  6. Encourage sustainable Agriculture. 
  7. Defending Democracy. 

Green Peace plays an important role in adoption of- 

1. A ban on toxic waste exports to less developed countries. 

2. A moratorium on commercial whaling. 

3. A Convention providing better management of world fisheries. 

4. A Southern Ocean whale Sanctuary. 

5. A 50 year moratorium on Mineral exploitation in Antarctica. 

6. Bans on dumping at sea of Radioactive and Industrial waste. 

7. An end to high sea, large scale fishing 


How they work: 

By looking into, exposing, and opposing environmental abuse, promoting environmentally sound solutions, and fighting for the rights and welfare of all people, they defend the natural world and advance peace. 


They only take action where they and their supporters can have the greatest influence, where it will have the greatest positive impact on people’s lives, and where the environmental hazards will be greatest. 


The issues they are working on are significant. It requires a lot of work, which people from all over the world make possible. Here is where we step in. 


People like us are at the center of their movement, which is open to all and driven by the power of the people. As much as they care about enabling individuals to take action in their homes and communities, they also care about significant changes in politics and business. 


Empowerment goes both ways. The weight and resources that they are able to devote to pushing for a greener and more peaceful world are only made possible because of the courage, heart, and the collective power of people like us. 


Green Peace and South Asia : 

Green Peace’s involvement in South Asia may be dated back to 2002, when activists there were involved in a return-to-sender campaign to draw attention to the hazardous old pesticides that Shell and Bayer were importing into Nepal. 


In the Indian Ocean, which is home to rare species like pygmy blue whales and dugongs as well as vibrant coral reefs and the largest sea grass meadow in the world, Green Peace campaigns began to focus on the protection of the incredible wildlife and ecosystems in 2008. 


Governments are failing to take action as high seas fishing pressure in the Indian Ocean threatens iconic species, coastal livelihoods, and the health of the ocean. In order to rebuild the yellow fin tuna population in the Indian Ocean, the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC), an intergovernmental organization, appointed Green Peace as observers in 2012. 


The IOTC’s objective is to sustainably manage highly migratory (tuna and tuna-like) fishery resources. Since then, Green Peace has participated in a number of Commission meetings, as well as those of several of its subsidiary bodies (such as the Technical and Compliance Committee, Scientific Committee, or Technical Committee on Allocation Criteria). 


In order to expose the threats to our waters there and bring about change for many of the environmental issues affecting people’s lives and ways of living, Green Peace ships have been sailing throughout the Indian Ocean. You can read about Green Peace’s previous activists in the area here: 


  • • 2021 Arctic Sunrise in the Indian Ocean to Save the Oceans Visit to Indian Ships, Fisheries in the Indian Ocean pose a threat to livelihoods, Report for 2021 discloses. 
  • • Micro plastic cleanup following the X-Press-Pearl accident in Sri Lanka in 2021. 
  • • Maldives Islands Plastic Waste cleanup in 2019. 
  • • Pole and line fishing in the Maldives in 2018 Pole and line fishing is one of the best methods employed in the tuna fishing industry, and Green Peace visits the Maldives to watch it. The chance of by catch, or other marine species accidentally taken when fishing for tunas, is much reduced when tunas are caught one at a time, makes this practice the most sustainable one for cleaner oceans. 
  • • Green Peace’s IOTC stance statement for 2017. 
  • • Sundarbans of Bangladesh saw an oil spill in 2014. 
  • • Oceans Documentation in Sri Lanka in 2013. 
  • • 2013: Indian Ocean Esperanza Fisheries Tour (The Green Peace ship Esperanza is in the Indian Ocean for two months looking into fishing vessels that are either operating illegally or using very damaging and inefficient fishing tactics.) 
  • • 2010: Climate Voices in the Sundarbans of Bangladesh 
  • • Giving testimony in 2009: Climate Voices from Gangotri, India 
  • • 2008: Maldives sustainably fish for tuna 
  • • In 2002, Green Peace campaigners cleaned up toxic garbage in a warehouse in Khumaltar, Pathan, which is on the outskirts of Kathmandu. 


In brand-new transport barrels, six tons of insecticides were loaded. Shell and Bayer were the main producers of the harmful insecticides.)


Green Peace and Bangladesh : 


After 22 years of environmental activism on the high seas, Green Peace donates Rainbow Warrior II to an NGO in Bangladesh, Green Peace’s protest ship, the Rainbow Warrior, has arrived in Bangladesh at 29 August, 2011 to undergo renovations to become a medical ship. 


It was given to the Bangladeshi NGO Friendship, which specialized in running “floating hospitals” for marginalized people in outlying regions of the nation, by the environmental advocacy organisation. 


Some of the world’s most at-risk communities—those who are not just underprivileged but are also feeling the effects of climate change—will received primary, secondary, and emergency medical aid from the ship, he said. “Green Peace donated the boat in a responsible manner.” 


Hamburg projections of Rana Plaza’s “Never Again” In remembrance of the at least 1,134 individuals who lost their lives 10 years ago when the Rana Plaza textile plant in Bangladesh collapsed, Green Peace has projected the phrase “Rana Plaza Never Again” onto the Europa Passage shopping complex in Hamburg. 


The letters are made using the names of the departed. The tragedy is thought to be the worst calamity to ever affect the garment industry. A new Green Peace analysis shows that while the fast fashion industry is quickly promoting sustainability and better working conditions, this is mostly green washing. 


They also talk about the impact of climate change on Bangladesh. Mangrove forests are under threat due to soil salinization as well as human activities in the surrounding Sundarbans. A few people here make a living through shrimp farming. 


The remaining people are forced to collect wood illegally from the mangrove ecosystem. Future oil and gas extraction in the region could be another risk factor. And they also talk about sustainable Agriculture. Why do we give so much importance to them for talking about these issues? 


Because they are an established international organization, if they talk about any issue, that issue comes before the world, everyone is looking for a way to solve that problem. Governments are under pressure from the outside world, and are eager to solve problems. 


An autonomous, global network of environmental activists is Green Peace. It consists of 26 independent national and regional Green Peace Organizations (NROs) from around the world, with Green Peace International, based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, serving as the network’s coordinating and supporting organization. Globally, Green Peace has about 3 million supporters. We wish them success in their careers. 



By Miss Mitu Mony

Honors 3rd Year Student Dept. of International Relations 

Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.


See Also


Blue Economy in Marine Affairs: An Introduction


Whether international law is a law or not?


Communal Fake news during Covid-19: Indian Case Study


Economic diplomacy of Bangladesh: Opportunities and Challenges

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