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Ernesto Che Guevara : Biography

Abstract

Many have read the biography of the revolutionary Che. How this brave young Argentine physician became involved in the Cuban Revolution,  how he dreamed of spreading the world revolution is not unknown to anyone. 

In this era, if you go around the internet for a while, you will find a lot of stories about Che. Here only mentioning a few incidents of his life so that one can take a look at the life philosophy of this revolutionary figure.

 

Introduction

“The revolution is not an apple that falls when it is ripe. You have to make it fall.” Che Guevara

Che Guevara was an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader, diplomat and military theorist and a major figure of the Cuban Revolution. 

Growing up in a socialist political family, he acquired a detailed knowledge of politics at a very young age. He was assassinated in 1967, but Che has been a symbol of youth for decades.

 

Early Life of Ernesto Che Guevara:

Ernesto Che Guevara was born on 14 June 1928 in Rosario, Argentina. Che Guevara was the eldest of five children and he was born in a middle class family. 

Although suffering from Asthma, he excelled as an athlete and a scholar. He completed his medical studies in 1953. From his early age, he was fascinated with poetry, especially Pablo Neruda, John Keats, Antonio Mercado, Federico Garcia Lorca, Gabriel Minstrel and Walt Whitman, including he read books written by Karl Marx, William Faulkner, Emilio Salgari

Guevara also read books by Jawaharlal Nehru, Albert Camus, Lenin and Robert Frost. He travelled so many countries in Latin America. After observeing extreme poverty & corruption. From that realization, he thought only violent revolution could solve this problem. 

In 1953, Guevara went Guatemala, where Jacab ardent headed a progressive regime that was attempting to bring about a social revolution. The overthrow of the Arbenz regime in 1954 in coup supported by CIA persuaded Guevara that the USA would always oppose progressive leftist governments. 

This became the cornerstone of his plans to bring about socialism by means of a worldwide revolution. It was in Guatemala that Guevara became a dedicated Marxist.

 

The Motorcycle Journey Ernesto Che Guevara

In 1951, after a year of study break, Alberto Guevara set out on a motorcycle trip to South America with a friend. The main purpose was to work for a few weeks as a volunteer in the Leper Colony (a special colony for lepers) in San Pablo, Peru. 

On his way to Machu Picchu, he was shocked to see the extreme poverty of poor farmers in remote areas. The trip took him to Buenos Aires via Argentina, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Panama and Miami.  

He observed extreme poverty & corruption.  Towards the end of the trip, he argued that South America was not a collection of separate countries but a single entity. Later, in his various revolutionary activities, the consciousness of this single, borderless America returned again and again.

 

The Cuban revolution & Che Guevara:

Guevara is known for his role in the Cuban Revolution of 1959. Che Guevara and Fidel Castro first met in Mexico City almost five years before, where Guevara had moved in 1954. 

Having joined Castro’s “26 July movement”, aimed at seizing power from Batista ,Guevara rose to became a key figure in the revolution.26 July movement , that landed a force  of 81 men including Guevara in the Cuban province of oriented on December 2, 1956. Quickly detected by Batista’s army, they were almost wiped out. 

The few survivors along with wooded Guevara reached the Sierra Maestro , where they became the nucleus of a guerrilla army .The rebels slowly achieved the strength ,seizing weapons from Batista’s forces and winning support & new recruits. 

After Castro’s victorious troops entered Havana on January 8, 1959, Guevara served for several months at La Cabana prison, when he oversaw the executions of individuals deemed to be enemies of revolution. Guevara became a Cuban citizen. 

He was duly appointed as president of the national bank of Cuba and minister of Industry.


Che Guevara in African –Congo to Bolivia

In early 1965, Guevara went to Africa to share his knowledge and experience as a guerrilla to the ongoing conflict in the Congo. Despite the threat that came From Ahmed Ben Bella and Gamal Abdel Nasser Guevara travelled to Congo. 

Guevara, along with his second in command victor Drake and 12 others Cuban ex peditionaries arrived in Congo on 24 April 1965. They got support from guerrilla leader there .USA government knew his location and activities. 

Guevara’s aim was took export the revolution by instructing anti Mobutu samba fighters in Marxist ideology and foco theory strategies of guerrilla warfare .

Later the year , on November 20 1965 suffering from dysentery & acute asthma & disheartened after seven months of defeats & inactivity Guevara left Congo.

After the failure of his effort in Congo in 1966 Guevara went to Bolivia to create guerrilla group in the region . 

After some initial success, on October 8, 1967, the group was almost destroyed by Bolivian army backed by CIA. Guevara, who was wounded, was finally captured.

 

Death of Ernesto Che Guevara:

On October 9th, 1967, Ernesto Che Guevara was put to death by Bolivian army guided by US Green Beret and CIA. His execution still remains a historic and controversial event.

 

Che Guevara and His Legacy

Since his death, Guevara has become an extreme popular political leader in the globe. His name is frequently tagged with rebellion, revolution and socialism. 

However, his opposite ideology holder often take him as brutal and a bad person. One of the reasons is, he ordered prisoners executed without trial in Cuba. 

Guevara‘s life has great impact on public interest. His writing including Marxist politics, social theory, guerilla warfare strategy and tactics, books, poetry as well as official document preserved in Cuban government archives.

 

Conclusion

Much can be said about Che. However, I end this short autobiography of Che Guevara with a word he said, “Many will call me an adventurer, and that I am…only one of a different sort: one who risks his skin to prove his truths.”

  

References

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Che-Guevara

https://www.history.com/topics/south-america/che-guevara

https://www.prothomalo.com/life/%E0%A6%8F%E0%A6%95%E0%A6%9C%E0%A6%A8-%E0%A6%9A%E0%A7%87-%E0%A6%97%E0%A7%81%E0%A6%AF%E0%A6%BC%E0%A7%87%E0%A6%AD%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%BE

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